星力游戏中心

  • <tr id='cy6xj'><strong id='cy6xj'></strong><small id='cy6xj'></small><button id='cy6xj'></button><li id='cy6xj'><noscript id='cy6xj'><big id='cy6xj'></big><dt id='cy6xj'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='cy6xj'><option id='cy6xj'><table id='cy6xj'><blockquote id='cy6xj'><tbody id='cy6xj'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='cy6xj'></u><kbd id='cy6xj'><kbd id='cy6xj'></kbd></kbd>

    <code id='cy6xj'><strong id='cy6xj'></strong></code>

    <fieldset id='cy6xj'></fieldset>
          <span id='cy6xj'></span>

              <ins id='cy6xj'></ins>
              <acronym id='cy6xj'><em id='cy6xj'></em><td id='cy6xj'><div id='cy6xj'></div></td></acronym><address id='cy6xj'><big id='cy6xj'><big id='cy6xj'></big><legend id='cy6xj'></legend></big></address>

              <i id='cy6xj'><div id='cy6xj'><ins id='cy6xj'></ins></div></i>
              <i id='cy6xj'></i>
            1. <dl id='cy6xj'></dl>

                      <dfn id='fddzm'><optgroup id='fddzm'></optgroup></dfn><tfoot id='fddzm'><bdo id='fddzm'><div id='fddzm'></div><i id='fddzm'><dt id='fddzm'></dt></i></bdo></tfoot>

                      <ul id='fddzm'></ul>

                      • 北音星力游戏中心EnglishFranCais网站导航

                        姜明:浅议音乐剧唱法及音乐风格

                        作者:文/姜明 来源:北京教育增刊 点击: 发布时间:2017年01月04日

                        姜明

                          作者简介:北京现代音乐研修学院流行演唱学院爵士演唱系教师,从事声乐教学工作。

                         

                          YINLEJUHEYINLEJUCHANGFA,SHIZAIGEZHONGYISHUXINGSHIJIGEZHONGCHANGFADEBUDUANMOCAHERONGHEZHONGERXINGCHENGDEYIZHONGXIANDAIDEYISHUXINGSHI,ZHENGYINWEITAJICHUANTONGYUXIANDAIYINLEXINGSHIYUYITIDETESHUXING,SUOYIZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIZAISHIJIEFANWEIZAOCHENGLEHENDADEYINGXIANGHECHONGJI,WULUNSHITADEYINLEBIAOXIANHAISHIGECHANGFANGFA,DOUJIRENYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDEXINQIGAN,JINGGUOZHEIXIENIANDEFAZHAN,YINLEJUYIJINGXINGCHENGLEZIJIDUTEDEYISHUFENGGE。ERZAIWOGUOYINLEJUDEFAZHANHAICHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN,HAIXUYAOGENGDUORENLAIJINXINGCHUANGZUOYUYANJIU。

                        (一)音乐剧及音乐剧唱法概述

                        星力游戏中心  YINLEJUSHIZONGHELEWUDAO、YINLE、XIJUDEWUTAIYISHUXINGSHI:TAGENGKAOJINDAZHONG,FENGGEYEJIQIDUOYUANHUA。ZAIQUANSHIJIEFANWEINEI,YINLEJUYIJINGSHIFEICHANGZHULIUHEZUISHOUHUANYINGDEYISHUXINGSHIZHIYI。DANSHIYUYINLEJUJINRUWOGUODESHIJIANJIAOWAN,SUOYIDADUOSHURENDUITADELEJIEJINJINSHIBIANCHANGBIANTIAODEWUTAIJU[1]。ZHEISHIJIAOWEIPIANMIANDEKANFA,YINLEJUZHISUOYINENGRUCILIUXINGHESHOURENGUANZHU,CHULEJICHANG,YAN,TIAOYUYISHEN,NENGSHIYINGGEZHONGYISHUAIHAOZHEDEKOUWEI,LINGYIGEYUANYINSHITONGSHIJUBEIHENDASHANGYEXIAOYING。ZAIJIASHANGYINLEJUDELINGHUOXING,FANWEIFEICHANGGUANG,BUJUNIYUYIZHONGXINGSHI,YIJIXIANDAIHUADEDENGGUANGWUMEIHEKEJIBUJINGJIQIAO,YINXIANGSHEBEIDENGDOURONGJINQIZHONG,JITAYIZUIFENGFUDEZIYUANTIGONG。

                          BIZHERENWEIZAIYINLEJUZHONG“CHANG”KEYISHUOSHIZHEIZHONGYISHUXINGSHIDELINGHUN。RANER,YINLEJUZENYANGCHANG,YONGSHENMEYANGDEFANGFACHANGSHIHENDUORENDOUJINGCHANGTAOLUNYANJIUDE,DANZHIJINRENGWEIYOUTONGYIDINGLUN。ZHIZAIYOUXIEZILIAOZHONGJIANGDAO“TABUZAIJIANCHIMEISHENGCHANGFA,ERSHIYONGZUIFUHEDANGDAIQUNZHONGXUQIUDECHANGFA”。ZHEIZHONG“ZUIFUHEDANGDAIQUNZHONGXUYAODECHANGFA”,CONGWOGUODESHENGLESHENMEIFANGSHIJIJISHUYAOQIULAIKAN,TAKANLAIBUSHUYUGUANFANGDINGWEIDESANZHONGCHANGFAZHONGDERENHEYIZHONG,YUSHIXIANG“MEITONG”,“MINTONG”YIXIEQIGUAIDEMINGZIJIUFENFENJIAOLECHULAI,HUOZHEJIUSHUOSHIJIALEDIANMEISHENGDELIUXINGDENGDENG[2]。ZUICHU,BIZHERENWEIZHEISHIZHONG“SIBUXIANG”DEYANCHANGFANGFA,ZHISHIJUEDEHAOQI,YIZHIDAOZIJIKAISHIXUEXIZHENGTONGDEMEISHENGCHANGFAHEYANJIUGUOWAIDELIUXINGCHANGFAZHIHOU,CAIKAISHIMANMANJIESHOUYINLEJU,TONGSHIDUITADECHANGFACHANSHENGLEHENDADEXINGQU,ZHUBULEJIEQILISHIFAZHANHEYISHUTEDIANDENGDENG。

                        (二) 音乐剧唱法的具体运用及特点

                          YINLEJUDECHANGFAFAZHANDAOJINTIANYESHIXUNXUJIANJIN,JINGGUOHENDUOQIANRENSHIJIANHETANSUOERCHANSHENGDE。YINLEJUZHONGBUXIANZHIYANCHANGDECHANGFA,SHISHISHANGSHICHUANTONGMEISHENGCHANGFAZHONGDE“HENG”CHANGFAHEOUMEILIUXINGCHANGFADEERZHEZHIJIANDECHANGFA,KEJUEBUJUNIYUGUIFANHUA,TAYUNXUCHANGZHEZIXINGQISHI。YONGZHENCHANGKEYI,YONGJIASHENGCHANGYEKEYI,XIANG《YINLEZHISHENG》ZHONG《GUDUDEMUYANGREN》CHANGDUANJIUYAOQIUYONGZHENJIASHENGHENHAOJIEHEDEFANGSHILAIYANCHANG。YEKEYIZHONGDISHENGQUYONGLIUXINGCHANGFA,GAOYINQUYONGMEISHENGCHANGFA。JINJINIANLAIDEYINLEJUYANCHANGZHEYUELAIYUEPIANXIANGSHOUGUOZHENGGUISHENGYINXUNLIANDELIUXINGCHANGFA,ZHEIDIANZAIYINLEJU《ZHONGLOUGUAIREN》HE《BEICANSHIJIE》DENGZHUMINGJUMUZHONGDOUYOUJIAOCHUSEDETIXIAN。JINGUANYINLEJUZAICHANGFASHANGBINGBUXIANGGUONEIBASANZHONGCHANGFAMOSHIRUCIGUIFANHUA,DANTABIJINGHAISHIYOUJISHUSHANGDEYAOQIU,ZUIJUTIFANYINGZAITASHIYIZHENSHENGWEIJICHU,TONGYANGYAOQIUJIAOHAODEQIXIZHICHI,ZHISHIYAOZIDEWEIZHIYOUSUOBIANHUA,GONGMINGYEBUYAOQIUXIANGMEISHENGNEIMEDADELIANGLE[3]。XIANDAIYINLEJUCHANGFADOUYOUXIAOMAIKEFENGZAISHENSHANG,DUIYANCHANGZHEDEYINLIANGYAOQIUBIANLE,YANYUANKEYIYONGJIEJINSHENGHUOZHONGDESHENGYINLAICHANGGE,GANQINGDEBIAODAGENGZHIJIE。MUQIAN,YINLEJUCHANGFABUWAIHUPIANCHUANTONGDE,RU《YINLEZHISHENG》《GEJUYUANDEYOULING》《XIQUGUSHI》DENGJUMU;QICI,JIUSHIPIANLIUXINGDE,RU《MAO》《ZHONGLOUGUAIREN》《BEICANSHIJIE》《YESUJIDUJUXING》DENG[4]。

                          CONGLINGYICEMIANLAIKAN,JINGUANOUMEILIUXINGCHANGFAHEYINLEJUCHANGFAYUELAIYUEJIEJIN,DANCONGFENGGESHANGJIANGRENGSHIYOUQUBIEDE,LIUXINGCHANGFAXUYAOGEXINGDEFAHUI,SHENGYINDEYUNYONGHEQINGGANDEXUANRANYAOBIYINLEJUGENGWEIZIYOU。XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGGEJUCHANGFAERYAN,YINLEJUCHANGFAFANGKAILECHUANTONGCHANGFAZHONGJIBENGUIHUA——DADEGONGMINGHUA,JIUSHIBICHUANTONGDECHANGFA“BAI”DEDUO,KEDUIYULIUXINGCHANGFAERYAN,YINLEJUCHANGFAYAOGUIFANHUADEDUO[5]。

                          DAOERSHIYISHIJIDEJINTIAN,CHANGFAZHIJIANBUZAIXIANGCONGQIANNEIYANGFENMINGLE,MEIYOUSHENMEGUDINGDEJIEXIANLE。ZUIJINJINIAN,“MEISHENGCHANGFA”DEGUXIANG—YIDALI,YONGXIANCHUJIEYU“LIUXING”YU“GUDIAN”ZHIJIANBEICHENG“POP OPERA(LIUXINGGEJU)”DECHANGFA。QIZHONG,YINANGAOYINYALISHANDELU·SAFEINEI(Alexandro Safina)HEYADANG·LUOPEIZI·KESITA(Adam Lopez)ZUIWEIZOUHONG,TADESHENGYINFEICHANGZHENGTONG,DANSHITADEYANCHANGFANGSHIQUEFEICHANGDELIUXING,YERONGHELEDALIANGLIUXINGCHANGFAHEYINLEJUCHANGFADEFENGGE。YIJINGZOUHONGDUONIANDENVGESHOUSHALA·BULAIMANYESHUOMINGLECHANGFADARONGHESUODAILAIDEXINDEYANCHANGFANGSHI。YINLEJUZUOWEICHANGFADARONGHEDEXIANXINGZHE,WEIXIANZAIYINLEJUCHANGFADIANDINGLEHENHAODEJICHU。[6]

                        星力游戏中心  DUIYUDANGJINZHONGGUOYINLEJUERYAN,SHENGYINXUNLIANWENTIDECUNZAI,BIZHERENWEISHOUYAODESHIYUYANWENTI,YUYANYAOZIWEIZHIBUGUIFANSHIYINGXIANGCHANGFADEYIDAWENTI。ZHONGGUORENCHANGWAIYU,JIBENSHANGDOUSHITINGLIUZAIZHIDUDUI,ERBUDUZHUN、BUDUXIANG,HUANJUHUASHUOJIUSHIMEIYOU“YANGWEI”,YAOZIWEIZHITAIBIAN,QUESHAOKONGJIANGAN。YINLEJUDADUOYONGYINGWENYANCHANG,HENDUOXUEXIZHEZONGJUEDEYINGWENBUHAOCHANG,BUHAOZHAOGONGMINGDENGDENG。QISHI,DANGWOMENTINGWAIGUORENJIANGYINGWENSHI,HUIFAXIANHEWOMENSHUODEYOUTIANRANGZHIBIE。SHOUXIAN,WAIGUORENSHUOYINGYUDOUSHIYONGHENQIANGDEQIXIZHICHIDE,QIEDAIZHEWEIZHI,ZHEIWANQUANFUHETAMENDEYUYANXIGUAN。QUEQIAQIAHEZHONGGUODEYUYANXIGUANXIANGFAN,ZHONGGUODEYUYANXIGUANBULIYUZHANGWOCHANGYINGWENGEQUSHISHENGYINDEWEIZHI。SUOYI,BIZHEJUEDEYAOZHANGWOYINLEJUCHANGFAZHONGDEGEZHONGMOSHIHEJIQIAO,YUYAN、YAOZI、WEIZHIDOUSHIJIEJUEWENTIDESHIJIYUNYONG。WULUNRENHECHANGFA,CONGWAIGUODAOZHONGGUO,RENDEFASHENGQIGUANDOUSHIYIYANGDE。CHANGFADEQUBIEBUYINGGAIJINJINYISANGYINYUNYONGFANGFALAIQUBIE,GENGDUODEYINGGAICONGTAMENDEBIAOYANFENGGESHANGLAIQUFEN。YINWEICHANGFASHIWEIBIAOYANDEMEIXUEXIAOGUOFUWUDE。DUIYUYINLEJUDEWUJIE,HENDUORENSHUOYINLEJUTAIGUOHUALI,YIKAOXIANDAIHUADEDONGXIGUODUO,YANCHANGMEIYOUGONGDIDENG。SHIJISHANG,YINLEJUDUIYUYANYUANDEYAOQIUBIGEJUYANYUANDEYAOQIUGAODEDUO,CHULEYAOJUBEIHENHAODECHANGGONGWAI,XIJUBIAOYAN,WUDAOXINGTIYAODADAOYIDINGDEJISHUYAOQIUHEBIAOZHUN,YINWEIYINLEJUSHUYUSHIDAIDECHANWU,NEIWEISHENMEBUNENGYONGZHEIXIEXIANDAIDEYISHUYUANSUNI,JIULIANCHUANCHANGBAINIANDEGEJUXIANZAIOUZHOUYEHUIYOUXIANDAISHIZHUANGBANDE,YINLEJUZHISHIZUNXUNTAZIJIDEYUANZEFAZHAN,JINGENSHIDAIBUFA,CONGSHIJIEZHONGDUODEZHUIPENGZHEJIUKEYIKANCHU,YINLEJUDESHOUHUANYINGCHENGDU。

                        (三)爵士乐及爵士唱法在音乐剧中的重要性

                        星力游戏中心  ZAIYINLEJUZHONGNEIXIEBEIGUANGWEICHUANCHANGDEGEQUHECHANGDUAN,KEYISHUOSHIRUSHUJIAZHEN,GEQUDEFENGGEHEXINGSHIYESHIBIANHUADUOYANG。TONGSHISHUOMINGLEYINLEJUCHANGFADERONGHEXINGDEYOUSHISUOZAI,YONGYOULEGENGDUODESHOUZHONGQUN,BUGUANXIHUANCHUANTONGCHANGFAHAISHILIUXINGCHANGFADEGUANZHONGDOUNENGZAIYINLEJUZHONGZHAODAOQIXINGQUSUOZAI。ERZHANGWODUOZHONGCHANGFADEWENTI,ZHIYAOZHANGWOQIYISHUGUILV,LIQINGTOUXU,BIANKEYIZUODAO。LINGWAI,YINLEJUCONGDASANGMENCHANGFAXIANGHUATONGCHANGFADEYANBIAN,YESHIYIZHONGQUSHI,YINWEIZHEIZHONGBUJINGGUOTAIDUOXIUSHIHETAIDAGONGMINGMEIHUADESHENGYINGENGSHENGHUOHUA,ERYINLEJUDADUOYANYIXIANDAIRENDEQINGGANHESHENGHUO,CONGGEQUHEWUTAIBIAOYANDOUNENGXIYINGENGDUODEGUANZHONG[7]。ZHENGYINWEIYINLEJUCHONGPOLECHANGFADEYUANZE,TAYUNXUYONGZUINENGBIAODARENWUGANQINGDESHENGYINQUYANCHANG,JIAYIRENWENHESHANGYEXIAOYING,SHIBUSHAOCHUANTONGCHANGFADEGECHANGJIAYEREZHONGYUCANJIAYIXIEYINLEJUDEYANCHU,TONGYANGHENDUOZHUMINGDELIUXINGGESHOUYEJINGCHANGCANYUYINLEJUJIAOSEDEYANCHU,YOUXIEHAIZHUANXINGWEIYINLEJUYANYUAN。YINERDUIYUGUANZHONGLAISHUO,TAMENBINGBUHUIQUYANJIUSHENMECHANGFADEWENTI,TAMENZHISHIXIWANGDEDAOYIZHONG“MEI”DEXINSHANGXIAOGUO。

                          TONGYANG,YINLEFENGGEHECHANGFAYUNYONGPEIHEDEDANG,SHIJUEDINGYIBUYINLEJUCHENGGUOYUFOUDEZHONGYAOYINSU,ZHENGRUJUESHILEHEJUESHIYANCHANGFENGGEZAIYINLEJUZHONGSUOZHANDEJIDABIZHONG。17SHIJICHU,FEIZHOUHEIRENNULIBEIMAIDAOMEIZHOUSHI,JIANGOUZHOUHESHENGRONGRUFEIZHOUCHUANTONGDEYINLEZHONG,ZHEIZHONGYISHIQUFEIZHOUCHUNYUANZHUMINDEYINLE,RENMENCHENGZHIWEIJUESHILE。YOUQIYIMEIGUOBAILAOHUIWEIZHUDEYINLEJUWUTAIJU,JIBENKEWEISHIJUESHILEDEDABANTIANXIA,JUESHILESHENSHENYINGXIANGMEIGUOLIUXINGYINLEHEYINLEJU,YEJIANJIANCHUANJINOUZHOU,GAIBIANLEOUZHOUYINLEJUZHANGJIUYILAIDEGUYOUMOSHI。

                          ZAOQIDEJUMU《BOJIYUBEISI》,ZUOQUJIAGESHENWENJIUJIARULEJUESHILEYUANSU,CONGERSHIDEZHEIBUJUDEYINLEFENGGEYIJIJUZHONGCHANGDUANTESEXIANMING。《Funny girlHUAJINVLANG》《sunset BoulevardRILUODADAO》《kiss me kateWENWO,KAITE》ZHEISANBUYINLEJUGENGSHIJUESHIYINLEJUDAIBIAO,ER《ChicagoZHIJIAGE》ZHONGJUESHILEFENGGEHEJUESHIYANCHANGZAIJUZHONGDEYUNYONGYUYINGXIANGKEWEIJIZHI,ER《All that jazz》ZHEISHOUKEWEISHIJIEZHIMINGDEKAICHANGQU,GEMINGYIJINGDIANDINGLEJUESHIFENGGEJIDIAO,WULUNCONGRENWU、WUTAIFENGGE、CHANGGEDIAODOUJIANGJUESHILEJINXINGDAODI。

                          JINXIENIANXINPAIJUMU《Catch me if you canXIAOYAOFAWAI》《Q Avenue QDADAO》《MOMENJING》《MemphisMENGFEISI》DENGTONYJIANGDEJIANGJUMUDOUSHILONGZHAOZAIJUESHILEDEGUANGHUANZHIXIA[8]。

                        星力游戏中心  YINCI,YINLEJUDECHUANGZUOYAOCONGYINLEZHENGTICHUFA,JUESHILEYOUZHEGENGQIANGDADEYOUSHI,RUGUOYIJUESHIFENGGEYINLEZUOWEIZHUYAOJIDIAO,YANCHANGBUZHISHOUXIANYUYIZHONGSIBANDEFANGSHI,FENGGEDUOBIAN,WEIJUQINGFUWUDECHENGFENJIAODUO,KEYIYONGLIUXINGFANGSHILAIYANYIXIANDAISHENGHUODEQINGXU。RUYONGJUESHIYANCHANGLAIZHANXIANJUESHIFENGGEDEGEQUPIANDUAN,ZEKENENGBIAOXIANNIANDAIGAN,BINGTUXIANRENWUGEXING。ERCEZHONGLIUXINGCHANGFAYANCHANG,XIJUQINGJIEHERENWUQINGGANBIAODADEGENGWEILINLIJINZHI,SHIGUANZHONGRONGRUQIZHONG,HAODEFENGGECHANGDUANYONGDETIDECHANGFAGENGSHIDAPEIDETIANYIWUFENG。ZONGZHI,YINLEJUCHANGFADEFENGGEJIYUNYONGYAOQIUJIANLIZAIJUQING、NEIRONGZHISHANG,ZHIYOUERZHEPEIHEDAOWEICAINENGDADAOYIZHONGSHENMEIDEPINGHENG,JIGUANZHONGYIMEIDEXIANGSHOU。

                        (四)结 语

                        星力游戏中心  DUIYUYANCHANGFANGFAYANJIUDEJIAZHIHEYIYILAISHUO,BIZHERENWEIXIANZAIYIJINGDAOLE“WUJIEXIAN”CHANGFADESHIDAI,ZAIQUHUAFENYINLEJUCHANGFAZHENGTONGYUFEIZHENGTONGDEJIEXIAN,YIWUTAIDADEYIYI。YINWEIGAOYAYISHUZHENGZAITONGSUHUA,LIUXINGYINLEYEZAIYISHUHUA,YIQIEYISHUDOUYAOSHIYINGSHIDAIDESHENMEIBIANHUAHEFAZHANDE。YANCHANGFANGFAYEYAOFAZHAN,SHIYINGSHIDAIDESHENMEIQUWEI,DANYEJUEBUSHIWANQUANFANGQICHUANTONGDECHANGFABUYONG,ERSHIYAOJIANGCHUANTONGCHUANCHENG、FAZHAN,BINGYUSHIDAIJIEHE。LIUXINGYINLEYEYAOJIEJIANCHUANTONGDEJINGSUIYUWENHUANEIHAN,QUZHANGBUDUAN,CAIBUHUIBEITAOTAI,FANERGENGJIASHIDAIHUA、GUOJIHUA。

                          YINLEJUHEYINLEJUCHANGFAJINHOUDEFAZHANHUIHENMANZHANG,GUANZHUTADERENYIHUIYUELAIYUEDUO,XIWANGZAIBUJIUNENGKANDAOYINLEJUZHENZHENGDEGUOJIHUA,GENGDUORENLEJIE、YANJIUYINLEJUDECHANGFAJIYINLEBIAOXIANFENGGE,SHIQIGENGJIAWANSHAN、KEXUE,GENGHAODIWEIYINLEJUFUWU,SHIRONGHEZHIMEINENGZAIYINLEJUZHONGTIXIANDEGENGJIADUOMUYAOYAN。

                        【CANKAOWENXIAN】

                          [1] YEHONGTAO.YINLEJUSHENGLEYANCHANGJIAOCAI[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUOWENLIANCHUBANSHE,2006.

                          [2] ZHOUXIAOCHUAN.YINLEJUZHILV[M].BEIJING:XINSHIJIECHUBANSHE,1998.

                        星力游戏中心  [3] PANNAIXIAN.SHENGLETANSUOZHILU[M].SHANGHAI:SHANGHAIYINLECHUBANSHE,2003.

                          [4] ZHONGYANGYINLEXUEYUANXUEBAOBIANJIBU.ZENYANGTIGAOSHENGLEYANCHANGSHUIPING[M].BEIJING:HUALECHUBANSHEBIAN,2003.

                          [5] LUOWEI.BAILAOHUIYINLEJU[M].BEIJING:QINGHUADAXUECHUBANSHE,2013.

                        星力游戏中心  [6] YINGSHANGNENG.YIZIXINGQIANG[M].BEIJING:RENMINYINLECHUBANSHE,1981.

                        星力游戏中心  [7] [MEI]ANNI·PEIKEHANMU.DANGDAILIUXINGGESHOUSHENGLEJIQIAOJICHUPIAN[M].BEIJING:RENMINYINLECHUBANSHE,2009.

                          [8] ZHAOQIAN.XIFANGYINLEJUYANCHANGSHANGXIJIAOCHENGDUCHANGJUAN[M].SHANGHAI:SHANGHAIYINLECHUBANSHE,2013.

                          春晚
                        吴俊余  江映蓉  黄景行 艺术节
                          
                         奥运会 
                        友情链接:
                        更多>>

                        星际棋牌 掌上棋牌2017版下载 那个棋牌信誉好---HOME_欢迎您 亲友益阳棋牌-星力游戏中心 迎酆棋牌-星力游戏中心